The following resources are key sources of information on the research and findings of the cutting edge mental health treatments and programs that form the basis of the PIER Model.


  • Multifamily Groups in the Treatment of Severe Psychiatric Disorders, William R. McFarlane, M.D. – This book serves as the principal text for learning about MFG in treatment of youth mental illness and is an indispensable resource for those training in Family Psychoeducation. Dr. William McFarlane and his colleagues present the foundations for the multifamily group model, instructions for forming groups and managing treatment, and applications for the model to a variety of mental disorders.
  • Bipolar Disorder: A Family-focused Treatment Approach (2nd Edition), David J. Miklowitz, Ph.D. New York: Guilford Publications, 2008, ISBN-13: 978-1593856557. – This book is recommended to agencies that anticipate working with individuals with bipolar disorder.
  • The Psychosis-Risk Syndrome Handbook for Diagnosis and Follow-Up. Thomas McGlashan, M.D., Barbara Walsh, Ph.D., and Scott Woods, M.D.  New York: Oxford University Press, 2010, ISBN: 9780199733316.



  • The NASMHPD Early Intervention in Psychosis (EIP) virtual resource center provides reliable information for practitioners, policymakers, individuals, families, and communities, to enable more widespread adoption and utilization of early intervention programming for persons at risk for (or experiencing a first episode of) psychosis.
  • The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation webpage that discusses findings from the Portland Identification and Early Referral (PIER) Program and the Early Detection and Intervention for the Prevention of Psychosis Program (EDIPPP).


  • Preventing the Onset of Severe Mental Illness: Lessons Learned – There is growing evidence to show that severe mental illness can be prevented or treated more effectively through early detection and treatment. Launched in 2007 at six sites across the country, EDIPPP has gathered evidence to show the value of engaging communities toward preventing severe mental illness in young people. Hear from one young woman about her journey through the EDIPPP program and how the intervention changed her life and set her on a path to help others facing similar situations. Published on May 6, 2013.
  • PIER Portland Identification and Early Referral – Identifying teens at risk for psychosis can prevent the onset of mental illness. Published on Apr 9, 2009.
  • Schizophrenia Prevention and Early Psychosis Treatment – Teens and families talk about the early signs of psychosis and schizophrenia. Experts talk about how new treatment plans are preventing schizophrenia. An overview of the Main Medical Center PIER program for treatment of early psychosis treatment and schizophrenia prevention. Published on May 8, 2012.
  • Schizophrenia Explained – This video is an educational overview of schizophrenia featuring William McFarlane, M.D. and other mental health professionals. (Approximately 1 hour.)